Jul 11, ing English Grammar Workbook For Dummies, Research Papers For I dedicated the first edition of English Grammar For Dummies to my. English Grammar For Dummies [Geraldine Woods] on sidi-its.info *FREE* have a Kindle? Get your Kindle here, or download a FREE Kindle Reading App. As of today we have 76,, eBooks for you to download for free. published by Wiley: English Grammar For Dummies, English Grammar Workbook For.
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Read "English Grammar For Dummies" by Geraldine Woods available from Rakuten Kobo. Sign up today and get $5 off your first purchase. Get the last word on. ing English Grammar For Dummies, SAT For Dummies, Research Papers For I'm going to download some songs, although a lot of issues remain between. Jul 28, Geraldine Woods Author, English Grammar Workbook For Dummies Learn to: • Get down to basics with I illustrate some 6 English Grammar For Dummies, 2nd Edition Keep your eye out for these little devils .. Download.
Not in United States? Choose your country's store to see books available for purchase. Grasping the intricacies of the English language doesn't need to be tricky, and this down-to-earth guide breaks everything down in ways that make sense—Revealing rules, tips, and tricks to eliminate confusion and gain clarity, English Grammar For Dummies gives you everything you need to communicate with confidence! Good grammar lays the foundation for speaking and writing clearly. This easy-to-follow book will help you become a more articulate, effective communicator.
Before you do, however, one last word. Actually, two last words: Trust yourself. You already know a lot. For example, you already understand the difference between The dog bit Agnes. So take heart. Browse the table of contents, check out Chapter 1, and dip a toe into the Sea of Grammar.
The water is fine. Part I Getting Down to Basics: The Parts of the Sentence In this part. Can you make a statement like that without bringing the grammar police to your door? The rest of this part explains the building blocks of the sentence. Chapter 4 provides a road map to the subject of the sentence and explains the basics of matching subjects and verbs properly.
Chapter 5 is all about completeness — why the sentence needs it and how to make sure that the sentence gets it. In Chapter 6, I explore the last building block of a sentence — the complement. Why ShouldIStudyGrammar?
In fact, grammar was so closely associated with Latin that the word referred to any kind of learning. This meaning of grammar shows up when people of grandparent-age and older talk about their grammar school, not their elementary school.
The term grammar school is a leftover from the old days. The very old days. These days grammar is the study of language, specifically, how words are put together. Because of obsessive English teachers and their rules, grammar also means a set of standards that you have to follow in order to speak and write better.
However, the definition of better changes according to situation, purpose, and audience. In this chapter, I show you the difference between formal and informal English and explain when each is called for. Deciding Which Grammar to Learn I can hear the groan already. Which grammar? Yes, there are actually several different types of grammar, including historical how language has changed through the centuries and comparative how languages differ from or resemble each other.
The Parts of the Sentence Descriptive grammar gives names to things — the parts of speech and parts of a sentence. When you learn descriptive grammar, you understand what every word is its part of speech and what every word does its function in the sentence.
However, there is one important reason to learn some grammar terms — to understand why a particular word or phrase is correct or incorrect. Functional grammar makes up the bulk of English Grammar For Dummies. Functional grammar tells you how words behave when they are doing their jobs properly. A little descriptive grammar plus a lot of functional grammar equals better grammar overall. Distinguishing between the Three Englishes Good grammar sounds like a great idea, but good is tough to pin down.
Because the language of choice depends on your situation. What do you say? Wanna get something to eat? Do you feel like getting a sandwich? Will you accompany me to the dining room? These three statements illustrate the three Englishes of everyday life.
I call them friendspeak, conversational English, and formal English. Most important, you need to know your audience. Friendspeak Friendspeak is informal and filled with slang. Its sentence structure breaks all the rules that English teachers love. In friendspeak the speakers are on the same level. In fact, they make some mistakes on pur- pose, just to distinguish their personal conversation from what they say on other occasions.
Me and him are going to the gym. Wanna come?
I doubt that the preceding conversation makes perfect sense to many people, but the participants understand it quite well. You already know it.
Phat grammar Psst!
Want to be in the in-crowd? How do you create an out-crowd? Manufacture a spe- cial language slang with your friends that no one else understands, at least until the media picks it up. Everyone else is on the outside, won- dering how to get the information. Should you use slang in your writing? The goal of writing and speaking is communication, and slang may be a mystery to your intended audience. Instead of cutting-edge, you sound dated. When you talk or write in slang, you also risk sounding uneducated.
In fact, sometimes breaking the usual rules is the point of slang. In general, you should make sure that your read- ers know that you understand the rules before you start breaking them the rules, not the read- ers safely. The Parts of the Sentence Do you feel like getting a sandwich? Conversational English A step up from friendspeak is conversational English.
Although not quite friendspeak, conversational English includes some friendliness. You can relax, but not completely. Conversational English is — no shock here — usually for conversations, not for writing. Specifically, conversational English is appropriate in these situations: You may also skip words Got a minute? Be there soon! In written form, conversational English relaxes the punctuation rules, too.
Sentences run together, dashes connect all sorts of things, and half sentences pop up regularly. Formal English displays the fact that you have an advanced vocabulary, a knowledge of etiquette, and command of standard rules of English usage. The goal of using formal English is to impress, to create a tone of dignity, or to provide a suitable role model for someone who is still learning. Situations that call for formal English include: Friendspeak, conversational English, or formal English?
Probably all of them. See preceding section for more information. Chances are, the third type of English — formal English — is the one that gives you the most trouble. Which is correct? Hi, Ms. Love, Ralph The Parts of the Sentence B.
Dear Ms. Had a lot to do last night! Your friend, Ralph C. I was not able to do my homework last night because of other pressing duties.
I will speak with you about this matter later. Sincerely, Ralph Answer: The correct answer depends upon a few factors. How willing are you to be stuck in the corner of the classroom for the rest of the year? If so, note B is acceptable. Note B is written in conversa- tional English. Is your teacher prim and proper, expecting you to follow the Rules? If so, note C, which is written in formal English, is your best bet.
Translation for the techno-challenged: At present, however, match the level of formality in electronic communica- tion to your situation, message, and audience. Proper grammar is, well, proper for all media. Your friend is wrong about the grammar programs, and the grease is a very bad idea also. Comforting, but unreal. English has a half million words, and you can arrange those words a couple of gazillion ways. Spelling is also a problem. Every time I type verbal, the computer squawks. But verbal — a grammar term meaning a word that comes from a verb but does not function as a verb — is a real word.
Nor can the computer tell the difference between homonyms — words that sound alike but have different meanings and spelling. For example, if I type Eye through the bawl at hymn, but it went threw the window pain instead. However, I was actually trying to say I threw the ball at him, but it went through the window pane instead. In short, the computer knows some grammar and spelling, but you have to know the rest.
Solutions to Your Grammar Gremlins I love to stroll around my neighborhood pondering prepositions. With my head in the clouds, I sometimes stub my toe on a sidewalk crack. Once I know where the cracks are, however, I can avoid them. If you can figure out where the cracks are in your grammati- cal neighborhood — the gremlins likely to catch your toes — your sentences will roll along without risk of falling flat.
Table 1. Skim the first column until you recognize something that stumps you. Then turn to the chapter listed in the second column. Two dogcatchers-in-chief? Bagels are on sale. Comma needed? Grammatically-correct sentence? Dummies titles.
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Chapter 2 Verbs: A sentence is a flatbed truck. You pile all your ideas on the truck, and the truck takes the meaning to your audi- ence your reader or your listener. The verb of the sentence is a set of tires. Every sentence needs a verb, so you start with the verb when you want to do anything to your sentence — including correct it. Verbs come in all shapes and sizes.
In this chapter, I explain how to distinguish between linking and action verbs and to sort helping verbs from main verbs. Then I show you how to choose the correct verb for each sentence. Finally, I explain which pro- nouns you need for sentences with linking verbs. Linking Verbs: The Giant Equal Sign Linking verbs are also called being verbs because they express states of being — what is, will be, or was.
Linking verbs are like giant equal signs plopped into the middle of your sentence. Thus, is is a linking verb.
Here are more linking verbs: Lulu will be angry when she hears about the missing bronze tooth. In the preceding section, you may have noticed that all the linking verbs in the sample sentences are forms of the verb to be, which is surprise, sur- prise how they got the name being verbs.
I prefer the term linking because some equal-sign verbs are not forms of the verb to be. Check out these examples: With his foot-long fingernails and sly smile, Big Foot seemed threatening.
The Heart of the Sentence Seemed, appears, remains, and stays are similar to forms of the verb to be in that they express states of being. They simply add shades of meaning to the basic concept. You may, for example, say that With his foot-long fingernails and sly smile, Big Foot was threatening. Seemed leaves room for doubt.
Similarly, remains in the third sample sentence adds a time dimension to the basic expression of being. The sentence implies that the penalty was and still is severe. No matter how you name it, any verb that places an equal sign in the sen- tence is a being, linking, or copulative verb. Savoring sensory verbs Sensory verbs — verbs that express information you receive through the senses of sight, hearing, smell, taste, and so forth — may also be linking verbs: Which sentence has a linking verb?
That annoying new clock sounds the hour with a recorded cannon shot. Sentence B has the linking verb. In sentence A, the clock is doing something — sounding the hour — not being. Try another. Larry stays single only for very short periods of time. Stay in the yard, Fido, or I cut your dog-biscuit ration in half! Sentence A has the linking verb. In sentence B, Fido is being told to do something — to stay in the backyard — clearly an action. Linking verbs connect the subject and the subject complement, also known as the predicate nominative and predicate adjective.
For more on complements, read Chapter 6. Here is a list of the most common linking verbs: The Heart of the Sentence Completing Linking Verb Sentences Correctly A linking verb begins a thought, but it needs another word to complete the thought.
Due to a grammar error The picnic has been cancelled due to? Okay, which one is correct — due to or because of?
The answer is because of. According to a rulethatpeopleignoremoreandmoreeveryday: It may follow a linking verb if it gives information about the subject. In a linking verb sentence, the subject always a noun or pronoun may be linked to a description follow- ing the verb.
An example: Due to her deprived upbringing in an all-polyes- ter household describes mania. Because of and on account of describe an action, usually answering the question why.
The bubble-gum gun that George fired is no longer being manufactured because of protests from the dental association. Why is the gun no longer being manufactured? Because of protests from the dental association.
In real life that is to say, in everyday conversa- tional English , due to and because of are inter- changeable. When you need your most formal, most correct language, be careful with this pair! One easy solution easier than remem- bering which phrase is which is to avoid them entirely and simply add because with a sub- ject—verb pair. The Parts of the Sentence You have three possible completions for a linking verb: Take a look at some descriptions that complete the linking-verb equation: The other descriptive words, not and very, describe helpful, not solution.
You may also complete a linking verb equation with a person, place, or thing — a noun, in grammatical terms. Here are some examples: The most important part of a balanced diet is popcorn. For example: The winner of the all-state spitball contest is you! However, you can do a lot wrong when you com- plete a linking verb sentence with a pronoun — a fact that has come to the attention of standardized test-makers, who love to stump you with this sort of sentence.
Never fear: Think of a linking-verb sentence as reversible. That is, the pronoun you put after a linking verb should be the same kind of pronoun that you put before a linking verb. Read these sentence pairs: Ruggles is a resident of Red Gap.
A resident of Red Gap is Ruggles. Lulu was a resident of Beige Gap. A resident of Beige Gap was Lulu. Both sentences in each pair mean the same thing, and both are correct. Now look at pronouns: The winner of the election is him! Him is the winner of the election! Uh oh. You say he is. Because you have a linking verb is , you must put the same word after the linking verb that you would put before the linking verb. Try it again: The winner of the election is he!
He is the winner of the election! Subject pronouns are I, you, he, she, it, we, they, who, and whoever.
Pronouns that are not allowed to be subjects include me, him, her, us, them, whom, and whomever. More on objects in Chapter 6. Remember that in the previous examples, I discuss formal English, not conver- sational English. In conversational English, the following exchange is okay: It is me.
The Parts of the Sentence In formal English, the exchange goes like this: Who is there? It is I. Because of the linking verb is, you want the same kind of pronoun before and after the linking verb. I takes a different verb — am. Both is and am are forms of the verb to be — one of the most peculiar creations in the entire language. So yes, you some- times have to adjust the verb when you reverse a sentence with a form of to be in it. But the idea is the same; I can be a subject.
One group, the nominative or subject case, includes all the pronouns that may be subjects. The pronoun that follows the linking verb should also be in nominative, or subject, case. Another group of pronouns, those in objective case, acts as objects. Avoid object pronouns after linking verbs. For more information on pronoun case, see Chapter You have to do something.
Everything that is not being is action, at least in the verb world. Drew slapped the offending pig right on the snout. Slapped is an action verb. Fred will steal third base as soon as his sneezing fit ends.
Will steal and ends are action verbs. According to the teacher, Roger has shot at least 16 spitballs in the last ten minutes.
Has shot is an action verb. Besides describing my ideal vacation, these words are also action verbs! Think of the definition this way: The extra words are called helping verbs. For more on tense, see Chapter 3. Here are some sentences with helping verbs: Alice will have sung five arias from that opera by the time her recorder runs out of tape and her listeners run out of patience. In will have sung, sung is the main verb; will and have are helping verbs; runs and run are both main verbs without helping verbs.
Larry should have refused to play the part of the villain, but his ego simply would not be denied. In should have refused, refused is the main verb; should and have are helping verbs; in would be denied, denied is the main verb; would and be are helping verbs.
If you find only part of the verb, you may confuse action verbs with linking verbs. To decide whether you have an action verb or a linking verb, look at the main verb, not at the helping verbs. If the main verb expresses action, the whole verb is action, even if one of the helpers is a form of to be.
The Parts of the Sentence Pop the Question: Locating the Verb A scientific study by a blue-ribbon panel of experts found that 90 percent of all the errors in a sentence occurred because the verb was misidentified.
Okay, there was no study. I made it up! But it is true that when you try to crack a sentence, you should always start by identifying the verb. To find the verb, read the sentence and ask two questions: Verb What is?
W hat's happening? If you get an answer to the first question, you have an action verb. If you get an answer to the second question, you have a linking verb. For example, in the sentence Archie flew around the room and then swooped into his cage for a bird- seed snack. Flew and swooped are action verbs. Try another: You have no action verb.
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What is? Will be. Will be is a linking verb. The Heart of the Sentence Pop the question and find the verbs in the following sentences. For extra credit, identify the verbs as action or linking. Michelle scratched the cat almost as hard as the cat had scratched her. After months of up-and-down motion, Lester is taking the elevator side- ways, just for a change of pace. Examples or infinitives include to laugh, to sing, to burp, to write, and to be.
The most important thing to know about infinitives is this: Other than that, forget about infinitives! Do these sentences look familiar? Lola was suppose to take out the garbage, but she refused to do so, saying that gar- bage removal was not part of her creative development. Ralph use to take out the trash, but after that unfortunate encounter with a raccoon and an empty potato chip bag, he is reluc- tant to venture near the cans.
George is suppose to do all kinds of things, but of course he never does anything he is suppose to do. If these sentences look familiar, look again. Each one is wrong. Check out the italicized verbs: All represent what people hear but not what the speaker is actually trying to say. The correct words to use in these instances are supposed and used — past tense forms.
For example, you commonly see sentences like the following: Matt vowed to really study if he ever got the chance to take the flight instructor exam again.
This example is common, but incorrect. Grammatically, to study is a unit — one infinitive. Now that you know this rule, read the paper. Everybody splits infinitives, even the grayest, dullest papers with no comics whatsoever. So you have two choices. You can split infinitives all you want, or you can follow the rule and feel totally supe- rior to the professional journalists.
The choice is yours. Always write them as two separate words: Ella and Larry who also has pronun- ciation trouble , help each other prepare state- of-the-union speeches every January. You can write the following words as one or two words, but with two differ- ent meanings: Daniel was altogether disgusted with the way the entire flock of dodo birds sang all together.
Another pair of tricky words: Lex said that he would visit Lulu some- time, but not now because he has to spend some time in jail for murdering the English language. Still more: And another pair: He has the palace staff perform all of those duties every day. Last set, I promise: Chapter 3 Relax! For more information on finding the verb in a sentence, see Chapter 2. In some lucky languages — Thai, for example — the verb has basically one form. My brother, he is very wise, is greatest toymaker in all of Russia.
So next day i wake up, sell my house, say goodbye to wife and children, and go to America to become millionaire. That day my anger is best of me. Now i am perfect english grammer! So i say thanks to Mr. Woods for his book! When i am czar your family will be spared!
View 1 comment. Jan 30, Soapykitty rated it liked it. Like all the Dummies boks this is packed full of helpful information. But the author uses the most ridiculous names and examples that would probably confuse someone who doesn't speak English as a first language.
Apr 26, Mahdi Qorbani rated it really liked it. This review is from: I read excerpts from several grammar books before I settled on this one, and I'm glad I did. It takes a very fresh approach to grammar for those who want to speak and write the English language better. The author even tells you when certain rules of gram 4.
The author even tells you when certain rules of grammar that you probably had to memorize in high school are a waste of brain cells. I will use this book for years to come. Oct 22, Chris Batchelor rated it it was amazing. Are you a grammar nut for knowing everything there is to know about every type of knowledge for how to properly use the English language? If you can't tell an action verb from a pronoun or an adverb from an adjective, this book will set your mind straight and at ease!
It's a good book, but is just a little wordy. This book is definitely full of meaningful everyday-usage examples. A book only a professor of the English language would hand to his students if they needed any extra guidance or revi Are you a grammar nut for knowing everything there is to know about every type of knowledge for how to properly use the English language? A book only a professor of the English language would hand to his students if they needed any extra guidance or review of key points.
Keep one copy of this book thereby around for reference, yourself. Mar 07, Amjad Abdullah rated it it was amazing. I am not a native English speaker and this book was very informative to me.
It cleared out some points that I was always worrying if they were right or wrong. Some goodreads' reviewers didn't like the way the book is written. But, talking about me, I enjoyed it. Sep 30, Angie rated it really liked it. Seems pretty good so far. I actually like the examples; they add some humour to what would otherwise be fairly dry material. Aug 29, SundayAtDusk rated it did not like it Shelves: Normally, I like Dummies books. Normally, I have no problem finishing a Dummies book. This is only the second time I have stopped reading a Dummies book before reaching the end.
Like all grammar books, this one uses examples to illustrate the grammar rule being taught. Examples are crucial to teaching English grammar. Unfortunately, the examples in this book used such odd names, and had such odd events happening, that it was impossible for the reader to concentr Normally, I like Dummies books. Unfortunately, the examples in this book used such odd names, and had such odd events happening, that it was impossible for the reader to concentrate on the grammar rule being taught.
While one certainly did not expect Ms. Although, Ratrug would be a very nice name for a ferret. And what were some of the things our handsomely named individuals were doing? Oh, let's see: It hit a pedestrian, who sued for lettuce-related damage. Woods thinking of when she wrote this book? Obviously, not individuals who failed to learn proper grammar in school, and are desperately trying to learn it now; or immigrants trying to learn proper English; or individuals reviewing grammar rules, because their middle-aged brain is kicking out so many of those rules.
I particularly feel sorry for those who got this book to read aloud to someone trying to learn grammar. Oh well, maybe this book keeps bored English Lit. I personally can't help but view it as an "exclusive" type of grammar book--not one for the average person. Or maybe it is simply silly.
This review was for the edition of "English Grammar For Dummies". One can only hope a new editor saw the problems with the edition and suggested changes for all future editions. Jan 11, Becca rated it really liked it Shelves: As the appointed editor for a whole slew of questions, I needed some help!
My degree is not in English, and I haven't had any training other than what I received in my K school years, what my ear gained while listening to my mother and grandparents speak, and what I absorbed through reading books and other materials.
This was the most helpful book of those I checked out from my local library. The examples are clear, and although it did not answer all of my questions, I found answers and expla As the appointed editor for a whole slew of questions, I needed some help! The examples are clear, and although it did not answer all of my questions, I found answers and explanations for most of what I needed to know.
The examples were clear and understandable to laymen, and it was actually quite interesting. Who knew grammar could be fun? I am probably going to reread this book or read some other grammar books, because reading once is not the same as studying or learning. Repetition is the mother of all learning. It was really intuitive for learning and it helps when it's time for a test. I really like the content of this book, but the witty jokes and side comments made the explanations too long and confusing at times --love the information covered just not the presentation.
Apr 26, Skylar Burris rated it really liked it Shelves: Extra points if you can find all of the grammatical errors in this review. Grammar for Dummies was a much better refresher than I anticipated. The clear organization and eye-catching subheadings make the book easy to skim for just the information you need, and it covers the most common errors I en Extra points if you can find all of the grammatical errors in this review. The clear organization and eye-catching subheadings make the book easy to skim for just the information you need, and it covers the most common errors I encounter in my editing, as well as the fine grammatical distinctions I have the most difficulty remembering.
I found some of the tips for remembering these distinctions quite helpful. It seems to be geared toward high school students, however, and includes a recurring section of SAT test-taking tips. The regular exercises throughout the book enable readers to evaluate whether or not they have grasped the grammatical concepts presented. Mar 04, Rd rated it liked it Shelves: This book is pretty good for a quick reference on specific rules that you may have trouble keeping straight. However, it didn't work for me as a refresher course on the more in-depth rules.
I don't know if it's simply been that long since my grammar classes, or if this book just has a presentation that didn't work for me, but I frequently found myself confused or overwhelmed about the finer points it was trying to teach.
Also, like many of the other commenters I often found the example sentences This book is pretty good for a quick reference on specific rules that you may have trouble keeping straight. Also, like many of the other commenters I often found the example sentences to be silly and irritating after reading one or two chapters in one go. Others may feel differently, though, so it may be worth trying to see if you like it.
Overall I did learn from this book and it would be a good, quick reference to keep around. It won't be the last grammar book I read, though, and I don't know if I'll actually buy it. Mar 11, Nayla rated it did not like it.
My God, there is factual information in here, but run far far away from this book. The facts are just bait to get you to run this gauntlet of self-loathing, pointless banter. This is a grammar textbook written by a grammarian who is so desperate to portray herself as cool, as not-that-grammarian, she incessantly disparages her field, her work, and everything she is interested in.
Ms Woods goes so far beyond being self-depreciating you kind of want to muzzle her, fortunately this is a book and yo My God, there is factual information in here, but run far far away from this book. Ms Woods goes so far beyond being self-depreciating you kind of want to muzzle her, fortunately this is a book and you can close it.
I'd be mildly amused to here her protest that that's not what she meant at all, that she really loves grammar, etc, but mostly I never want to read anything she's written again for fear it will taint my love of a subject.
Did not finish. May 22, Seymour rated it liked it Shelves:
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