ielts-simon ebook (ref)_英语学习_外语学习_教育专区。Ideas for IELTS Topics Ideas, Opinions and Vocabulary for IELTS Writing Task 2. Best Practice Book for IELTS Writing IELTS Writing Samples free pdf ielts downloads printable word doc ielts writing speech listening task 1 2. Education. Benefits, studying abroad, technology in. 11 education, education in developing countries higher education, home-schooling, bad behaviour in.
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ielts-simon-ebook-samplepdf - Download as PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or read online. ielts preparation. IELTS. Academic Writing Task 2 Simon - Download as Word Doc .doc), PDF File .pdf), Text One way is to practise writing paragraphs using the ebook ideas. The best place to download IDEAS FOR IELTS TOPICS (PDF) and The ebook is full of good vocabulary for 24 common IELTS Writing Topics.
Using the Ebook from S Simon Corcoran ielts-simon. Thank you for buying this ebook. By paying for it, you are helping me to continue developing free IELTS materials for the website ielts-simon. Good luck, I hope you find these materials useful.
We should value professionals such as nurses and teachers more highly. View 1: One is that it requires a lot of practice to become a professional player like those in National hockey league.
People cannot live without a doctor and care less about people who make money by simply shooting or kicking a ball. Another is that big companies are willing to pay them to advertise their products. They can attract more investors to build huge industries. More importantly. In a job interview I took the vocabulary ideas from this lesson click here and organised them in the following way: From a personal point of view They are entertaining for families Explain it in detail.
They help to protect endangered species.. From a personal point of view. Another advantage of zoos is that they employ large numbers of people. I've underlined the band 9 vocabulary. Another advantage of zoos is that The main benefit is that Simple topic sentence What's the topic of the paragraph above?
What do you think the question was? Zoos have several benefits The main benefit is that zoos play an important role in wildlife conservation I still completely agree that it is justifiable for successful and great sports people to make more money than them In conclusion.. Give an example Here's an example of how I 'build' a paragraph using the above method: A sense of competition is necessary for success in life Competition motivates children to get good grades at school or become better at sports Start with an idea Then make some notes for the first main paragraph.
Main body paragraphs: Example" structure for the first paragraph. Finally" structure for the second. I tried to use an "Idea. Many people decide as young children what they want to do as adults. I agree with both of these points. Your notes could follow this formula: This has made our lives generally more comfortable. I can see two clear ideas in this question: In my experience. Do the same thing for the second main paragraph.
Here's an example question with a few ideas below: People nowadays work hard to buy more things. My simple rules for task 2 introductions are: If you read them carefully. This is the most important part of your essay. The use of websites or online videos can make lessons much more interesting. If you have been following this blog for a while.
I'm reusing it for 2 reasons: To what extent do you agree with this view? What other things can people do in order to have a satisfying working life? In today's lesson I just want to look at how to write an introduction for this type of question. It's a great example of how to write an "advantages" paragraph using a "firstly.
Main body "advantages" paragraph band 9: There are several advantages to using computers in education. Write 2 sentences: There are some excellent comments from students below this lesson. We have not benefited in terms of our standard of. Today I'm going to contradict myself! Let's look at a 'balanced opinion' essay. You might even get angry! When you discuss. I believe that others enjoy changing careers or seeking job satisfaction in different ways.
Don't save any surprises for the conclusion. One side: In practical terms. I would write that "I partly agree" or that "I agree to some extent". For this type of question. Here's an easy way to think about the difference: The question should make it very clear what it wants you to do.
Try to persuade the reader to agree with you. If it asks you to "discuss". Mention everything that the question mentions. Then I would write one main paragraph about each side of the argument: If the question asks whether you "agree or disagree". Here's an example introduction: It is true that some people know from an early age what career they want to pursue.
Many people ask me about the difference between an argument essay and a discussion essay. I partly agree. Make it clear that you have a balanced opinion.
In the last century. While I accept that this may suit many people. For this question. You can either have a strong opinion or a more balanced opinion. Other side: I completely disagree with the idea that elderly people should receive no support from the state. Introduction strong opinion: People have different views about whether or not governments should help senior citizens. Although I accept that we all have a responsibility to save money for retirement. I disagree with the idea that elderly people should receive no support from the state.
Introduction more balanced opinion: Here's an example question: Families who do not send their children to public schools should not be required to pay taxes that support universal education. After the first introduction. It showed us that we can achieve anything we put our minds to.
Governments should not have to provide care or financial support for elderly people because it is the responsibility of each person to prepare for retirement and support him or herself. When you have a strong opinion.
In fact. Here's my plan for a 4-paragraph essay: The fact that man has walked on the moon might not have had a direct effect on our daily lives. The second introduction allows you to discuss both sides which might be easier. To what extent do you agree or disagree with this statement? I don't think there is a "middle answer" to this question: Main paragraph: The question whether keeping animals in captivity is cruel or not is a controversial one. More specifically. One reason for this is that not all animals can perform well in captivity.
I completely disagree. Another point to help the convincing level of the statement is that many zoos are not used for their main function as a source of education. It is true that one of the most important issues that many people of today society are very concerned for is the roles of zoos in protecting wildlife.
We also need to take into consideration of the fact that breeding programs for endangered species do not always work out. The situation can become even worse when some of these animals have to perform circus shows to entertain visitors.. In my opinion. I would give some reasons to support my argument. In the following paragraphs. I totally agree with this idea. In short. For instance. Another point to help the convincing level of the statement is that many zoos are good sources of education.
We also need to take into consideration of the fact that breeding programs for endangered species play a very important role in preventing extinction. I totally disagree with this idea. From the other side. For one thing. In addition. In this essay. I will give some arguments for and against the maintenance of zoos and present my position. The average visitor may become bored if he or she has to read or listen to too much educational content. Just try to list some words that are related to the 3 main ideas.
You might not have time to do this in the exam. Museums are tourist attractions. Let's forget about the whole question. Some museums employ professional guides to talk to their visitors. Some people think that museums should be enjoyable places to entertainpeople. The aim of any exhibition should be to teach visitors something that they did not previously know.
People have different views about the role and function of museums. Making lists of related words is a good way to generate ideas. This type of museum is designed to be visually spectacular. Discuss both views and give you own opinion.
For now. I will just say that you need very few ideas to write a good essay and those ideas can be simple ideas too. They see a question. Come up empty and panic. Tip — you need only 2 ideas to write an essay and those ideas are often found in the question.
You will also find a model essay to download based on this lesson. Try to think of ideas. The two key points are that the ideas you need to write an IELTS essay are fairly simple and it helps to make a difference between ideas. You will find part of my solution to this below. Problem 1 — not enough ideas This is one of most common reasons for candidates to go wrong in the writing paper. What do I mean? Take this example: Human activities have endangered many animal and plant species.
They are normally much easier to find. They are also responsible for the security and well-being of their citizens. They control armed forces and police forces.
Public Services Governments pay the salaries of public sector workers like police officers and teachers. Free education and healthcare may be provided by the state. Some governments control public transport systems and even TV channels.
In other countries, these services are provided by private companies. Some people believe that competition between private companies is good. It helps to improve quality while bringing prices down. Other people think that essential services should be free. Governments should pay for them. Opinion Governments can censor what the public sees or reads in the media. We should use censorship to protect children from violent images.
Some computer games involve killing people or committing crimes. The Internet also needs to be controlled. Many websites show pornography and violence. There should be age limits for websites and computer games. Parents need to take responsibility for checking what their children watch.
It is impossible for governments to control everything we see. Video cameras have been installed in many public places. They are supposed to protect us and deter criminals. Many people think that this surveillance violates our privacy. The authorities could build databases with our pictures and identities. We should not be treated like criminals. Smart Cards: Positives Governments will probably introduce a digital identification card system. Smart cards will have benefits and drawbacks.
They could help to reduce crime. They could hold personal information, such as DNA. Digital bank cards could contain fingerprint information. It would be very difficult for criminals to use a stolen card. It would be easier for police to identify people and catch criminals. Negatives Many people are worried about losing their privacy. Governments could store all our personal and medical information. This information could be used by insurance companies.
Employers could check our health records. They should have the same rights as other people. They should have access to the same jobs as other citizens. Discrimination against disabled people is illegal in many countries.
Ramps and lifts for wheelchairs should be installed in public buildings. Support teachers can be employed to help children with learning difficulties. In some countries, people are allowed to own firearms. Individuals have the right to protect themselves. People can use guns in self defence. This deters criminals. Why gun ownership should be illegal: There is a risk of accidents with guns.
The number of violent crimes increases when guns are available. Criminals may be armed. The police then need to use guns. Suicide rates have been shown to rise when guns are available. Guns create violent societies with high murder rates. Why police should use guns: Many criminals use weapons.
The threat of a gun can deter criminals. Police officers can force a criminal to surrender. It is easier to arrest someone and avoid physical violence. They can protect the public. They can shoot an escaping criminal who poses a serious danger to the public. Why police should not carry guns: There is a risk of accidents and mistakes. The police might shoot an unarmed criminal or an innocent person. Accidents can happen in public places.
There are several alternatives to guns e. Only special police units should use guns. Arms Trade: Positives The export of arms, or weapons, is an extremely controversial issue. Governments of rich, industrialised countries sell arms to each other. This industry creates jobs and wealth. The trade of weapons may improve relationships between governments. Negatives Weapons may be used in conflicts and wars. The supply of arms could be responsible for deaths.
Governments are promoting war in order to make a profit. Rich countries can influence the politics of other nations. Nuclear Weapons Nuclear weapons are capable of destroying whole cities.
A nuclear war between two countries would destroy both countries. Nuclear weapons are used as a deterrent. They prevent wars from starting. Nuclear Weapons: Opinion Nuclear weapons should be prohibited. Governments should limit the production of nuclear weapons. Nuclear weapons cannot be used against terrorist organisations. Armed Forces: Positives Armed forces provide security and protection. They deter military attack by another country.
They can also be used to maintain peace within countries. They can be used to give the police extra support. Soldiers are also used to help in emergency situations, such as after a natural disaster. Negatives Armies require a lot of funding from governments.
Too much money is spent on weapons and military technology. This money could be spent on schools, hospitals and other public services. An unhealthy diet can cause various health problems. Obesity, diabetes and heart disease are on the increase. Many people nowadays rely on fast food or pre-prepared meals.
These foods often contain too much fat, salt and sugar. They are cheap to buy and very easy to prepare. Many young people have grown up on a diet of convenience foods. Populations in developed countries are increasingly overweight. Exercise Regular exercise is essential in maintaining a healthy body. Exercise burns calories and helps to build healthy bones and muscles. Most people nowadays lead a sedentary lifestyle. We tend to walk less and do desk jobs.
Most adults relax by watching television. Children play video games rather than doing outdoor sports. In the past, people were more active in their jobs and at home. More and more people, including young children, are seriously overweight. They are at risk of heart disease and diabetes. This situation will increase the burden on hospitals and taxpayers. Hospitals rely on the government for money and resources.
Governments should promote a healthy diet and regular exercise. There should be more time for sport on school timetables. Unhealthy junk food should be banned from school menus. People need information about what foods contain. The British Government recommends eating five portions of fruit and vegetables per day. State Health Systems: Advantages Good healthcare should be available to everyone for free. State healthcare is paid by the government using money from taxes. Everyone has access to the same quality of care and treatment.
Private healthcare is unfair because only wealthy people can afford it. Private Healthcare: Advantages State hospitals are often very large and difficult to run. Private hospitals have shorter waiting lists for operations and appointments.
Patients can benefit from faster treatment. Patients have their own room and more comfortable facilities. Alternative Medicine: Positives People are increasingly using alternative medicines to treat illnesses. For example, acupuncture can be used to treat backache. Herbal medicines can be used to treat allergies or viruses. Many patients report positive experiences with these treatments.
Some traditional cures have been used for hundreds of years. Negatives Many alternative medicines have not been tested scientifically. They may have no beneficial effects at all.
They may cause unknown side effects. People should trust the opinions of qualified doctors. An illness could get worse without treatment from a doctor. Stress Modern lifestyles are increasingly stressful. People work long hours with strict deadlines. Our busy lifestyles mean we have less time to relax. Unemployment is a major cause of stress.
Tests and exams can also cause stress. How to Reduce Stress Stress can be reduced by taking regular exercise and eating a healthy diet. It is also important to get sufficient sleep and make leisure time a priority. People should work less overtime and take regular holidays. Schools have started to employ psychologists.
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They can offer emotional support to students. This helps people who cannot afford to buy their own house. It can be argued that state housing creates dependence on the government. People should not rely on the government to look after them.
People have no incentive to earn money and buy their own home. Council properties are often made with cheap, poor-quality materials. They should be protected. Old buildings are often considered to be works of art. They give character to cities and attract tourists. They show us how people lived in the past.
We identify countries by architectural symbols like the pyramids in Egypt. Governments should spend money on looking after historic buildings. They need regular repairs and maintenance. New buildings should be designed to complement them. They should use less energy and produce less waste. Modern insulation can make houses more energy-efficient.
Solar and wind power can be used to generate electricity. Rainwater and waste water can be recycled and used to flush toilets. It is becoming a global second language. It is the dominant language of technology, science and international business. International business meetings are regularly held in English. The most important textbooks and journals are published in English.
The ability to speak English is a necessary skill in the modern world. Negatives of English as an International Language If one language is dominant, other languages may disappear. The dominant language brings its own culture. American culture has become popular around the world. Other cultures may be damaged. As an alternative to English, a new global language could be invented.
It would have no nationality or culture attached to it. This could help to promote international peace and understanding. Esperanto is an example of a language that was invented with this aim. People aspire to earn more money. They want a bigger house or a better car. We connect wealth and material possessions with happiness and success. Advertising creates new desires and needs.
It persuades us to buy the latest styles. Positives of Consumerism Consumerism creates employment. It helps to reduce poverty. It encourages innovation and creativity in business.
We live in a global economy. We have a better quality of life. Negatives of Consumerism Consumerist societies create more waste. They use more natural resources. They cause damage to the environment. Advertisers tell us who we are and what we want. Wealth does not lead to happiness. Materialism causes greed and crime. We should return to traditional values like sharing.
It can be described as a feeling of pleasure or enjoyment. People enjoy spending time with family and friends. Hobbies, sports and games can be a source of fun and enjoyment. Some people see money as a source of happiness. Other people define happiness as something deeper. In order to be truly happy it is necessary to live a good life. We need to feel that we are doing something useful with our lives. Some people get a sense of achievement from their work. Others find happiness in bringing up their children.
Religion or a sense of purpose can also be a source of happiness. Success People define success in different ways. Some people get a sense of achievement from raising a family.
For others, success is defined by wealth or status. We often think of rich and famous people as being successful in life. Millionaires like Bill Gates are considered to be successful. They have risen to the top in their chosen professions.
For some, being successful means achieving personal or professional goals. They see success as the result of hard work. Success in any field requires long-term planning and effort. Nature or Nurture Some people believe that our personalities are determined mainly by genetics. We inherit our abilities and talents from our parents. Others think that our education and upbringing are more important.
Our personalities and achievements depend more on nurture than nature. Many people argue that we control our own destinies. We can shape our own personalities. By working hard we can achieve any goal that we put our minds to.
We are not limited by our genetic characteristics or upbringing. Professional sport encourages people to compete for money. Many sports stars are only concerned about money and fame. Some athletes take drugs in order to win at any cost. Competitors are often selfish and rude. They are not good role models for children. All sports should be amateur. Sports should be leisure activities rather than jobs. People should do sporting activities for enjoyment and health reasons.
Taking part is more important than winning. Arguments for Professional Sport Professional sports are the same as any other business. Many people are employed in the sports industry. People should be able to use their talents to earn a salary. Sports stars entertain millions of people.
Money is necessary to improve facilities and train athletes. The level of professional sport is much higher than that of amateur sport.
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In daily life we compete to get jobs or the highest grades. Sports are a safe form of competition. Competition is healthy because it pushes us to give our best. Competitors and fans can release energy and aggression. Supporters of teams feel a sense of belonging to a community. They do not provide a vital service. Football players, for example, earn enormous salaries by simply kicking a ball.
We could all live happily without professional football. Life would be difficult without doctors, engineers and other vital professionals. Society does not seem to value these professions as highly as professional sport. Sports salaries should be compatible with the wages most people earn. Sport is a multi-million-pound industry. There is a large audience of sports fans. Sports on television attract many viewers.
Sports stars have dedicated hours of practice to developing their fitness and skills. Only the most talented among them will reach the top. A sports career may only last 10 years. Sports fans are willing to pay to support their teams. Sport and Politics Some people think that sport and politics should remain separate. Governments are involved in the hosting of sporting events such as the Olympics.
These events attract investment and create jobs. They attract huge numbers of visitors and sports fans.
Wealthy countries tend to hold these events. Developing countries should be given the chance to become hosts. Television programmes can be entertaining and enjoyable. Viewers have access to a huge variety of entertainment channels.
Television brings the best comedians, musicians and actors into our homes. Programmes can also be informative and educational. News coverage makes the public aware of events around the world.
Documentaries can make learning more interesting.
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Negatives of Television Television is having a negative impact on society. Some people link violence on television with crime rates in the real world. Children copy the behaviour they see on the screen. Children are less healthy because they spend less time playing. Advertisers direct their marketing at children.
Most programmes do not require much thought. Watching TV is a waste of time. Opinions about Television Television has many benefits. However, it can be addictive. Behaviour shown on TV can influence people. Parents should choose carefully what their children watch. Children should not be exposed to violence, swearing or sexual images. TV companies should make more positive, educational programmes.
Positives of the Internet There are many advantages to using the Internet. It gives us instant access to information on almost any subject. Shops and other services are now available online.
IDEAS FOR IELTS TOPICS (PDF)
People can buy goods and services from the comfort of their homes. The Internet is starting to replace other forms of entertainment.
It has revolutionised communication. We can keep in touch by e-mail or instant messenger services. Video messaging is becoming common for business meetings. Negatives of the Internet Many websites contain offensive content.
Some sites show violent or sexual images. Parents find it difficult to control what their children see online. They do not always know who their children are chatting to. With so many websites it is difficult to search for good information. Internet Compared to Newspapers and Books Newspapers and books are now published online as well as in print.
We can read the news in any language from any country in the world. It costs nothing to publish or access information on the Internet.
The Internet allows anybody to publish their own writing. Newspaper articles and books are written by professionals. People still buy newspapers and books because they are portable. People do not like reading from a screen. Mobile phones have revolutionised the way we communicate. We can stay in touch with family, friends and colleagues wherever we are. Users can send text messages, surf the Internet, take photos and listen to music.
Mobiles have also become fashion accessories. Negatives of Mobile Phones Mobile phones can be a problem in some public places. Ringing phones cause disturbances in cinemas and school lessons. Some people are not aware that others can hear their conversations.
Mobile phones may also interfere with electronic equipment. Their waves could cause damage to our brains. Mobile phones can also be a dangerous distraction. Mobile phones are a popular target for thieves. Opinion about Mobile Phones The benefits of mobile phones outweigh the drawbacks. We need to use these phones with care.
People go on holiday to relax and have fun. Tourists can experience different cultures. They can sunbathe on beaches or go sight-seeing. Travelling abroad opens our minds. We can learn to speak other languages. The tourist trade is vital for some economies. It creates employment in services like accommodation, transport and entertainment.
Some areas rely on tourism for their income. Tourists spend money. Tourism attracts investment from multi-national companies. It helps to improve the standard of living. Low-cost airlines are making it cheaper to travel abroad. Negative Effects of Tourism Tourism can have a negative effect on the natural environment. The building of facilities and infrastructure can destroy the habitat of wild animals.
Beautiful beaches are spoilt by the building of hotels. Tourism creates pollution and waste. It puts pressure on local resources. Local traditions and cultures may be endangered. A rise in the cost of living affects local people. Personality Traditional vs. Tourism 43 Money This causes global temperatures to rise. This process is known as the greenhouse effect. Rising temperatures will cause melting of the polar ice caps. Government campaigns should promote recycling.
We have cut down enormous areas of rainforest. Solutions to Environment Problems Governments could introduce laws to limit emissions from factories. Many developing countries are becoming industrialised. Cheap air travel is allowing more people to fly. The number of cars on our streets is growing.
Fossil fuels like oil and gas are running out. Human activity is a major factor in the rise of the greenhouse gases.
This has led to the extinction of many species of animals and plants. Impact of Humans on the Environment The increasing world population is putting pressure on natural resources. Flooding and droughts may become more common. Effects of Global Warming Global warming will have a significant impact on our planet. Factories and vehicles produce emissions and exhaust fumes.
They should invest in renewable energy from solar. We are destroying wildlife habitats. Sea levels will rise. We can expect more extreme weather conditions. We should choose products with less packaging. They assume that somebody is paid to clean the streets. Litter People do not think about the consequences of dropping rubbish. Plastic packaging does not break down easily. We should recycle and reuse useful materials. They should put legal limits on packaging. This problem is a result of our consumer culture.
Most of the litter seen on streets is fast food packaging. If something breaks. Recycling and Other Solutions Companies should make goods that last longer. This waste ends up in landfill sites.
Individuals should also try to be greener. The amount of household waste is growing. Governments should be stricter about waste produced by companies. Most foods are sold in non-biodegradable plastic packaging.
Products are not made to last. There are collection banks for glass.